Nations in their frantic bid to reduce pollution are severely pulled down human fertility factors related to high birth rate causing high population. At a Global glance looking at how we are supposed to do it, it is target of every country to eliminate rather than reduce. This consummate well with Thomas Malthus theories of the 18 century that over population would be a big problem by this century we are in.
The British Demographer and Economic Analyst envisaged of social and economic problems arising from over population in the world. Imagine, by that century the World’s total was less 1 and half billion. Today the World is in topsy- turvy, with a total bulging population of 7 and half billion.
Sundry of arising challenges, climate change from Global Warming, HIV and AIDS, desertification, natural disasters and above all Pollution the core subject fail the World to achieve on the achievement of a Green Job Economy. Green Economy is free from human and natural environmental intoxications like pollution scum. Later a Green Economy produces advantages of gain related to sustainable resources which make people have livelihoods in a livable community.
Pollution defined as human negligence with waste output violating the natural environment, falls in five categories, air which rises up with greenhouse gases like carbon-dioxide affecting the ozone layer that which protects us from sun’s rays called ultra-violent. is Tuberculosis an airborne disease is a menace related to HIV and AIDS.
Water pollution causes cholera caused by the vibrio bacteria. It is manifested its intense effects with the 2008 Health breakdown which broke up in Budiriro where at least 3000 people died and some became illness victims, this leading to depreciation of family income and Government tight budgets. A leading United Nations Agency UNICEF drilled a number of boreholes which saved local urban communities.
Water is no longer safe to drink owing also to the fact that Land Pollution continues to act as undying threat to humanity. It is evidenced by littered garbage in urban centers like the tense menace of situations I high density suburbs like Mbare, Budiriro, Highfield, Glenora, Hatcliff and Glenview where population is alarmingly high due to the exceeding number of people more than Infrastructure development, amenities and natural resource existence and also artificial resource allocation.
The above mentioned types are recriminated to the Government, Urban council’s lack of proper management on waste especially in urban areas. However, this is getting to affect rural communities. Lack of policies will be a disadvantage and a lagged process towards achievement of Sustainable Development Goals like Goal, 3 on Good Health, 6 0n clean water, Goal 11 on Sustainable cities and communities, Goal 13 climate action, Goal 14 life below water, Goal 15, Life on land. These set of Goals are related to types of pollution mentioned by the writer.
A Greener Economy needs to create a World of dirty, scum and refuse removal where human lives are sustained their lives by natural and creatable resources which make communities livable. Livable communities are safe from pollution not in any way with any waste lying unattended. In order to create livable communities, we need to be sustainable as we get financial and food resources to foster projects and programs to do with Green economy.
Green – Jobs
Green Economy can only be made possible by working out on pollution programs meant to focus strictly on building sustainable and livable communities with people who have innovative knowledge, equitable resources with Gender sensitive policies and Legislation to equate populations, share ideas and create Health policies from National levels cascading down in all communities at the same height and level.
In a Green Job Economy communities get participated, engaged and involved in sustainable Waste Management projects which can make every unemployed person get involved. The plastic containers are not just burnt by fire, but they get recycled into manufacture of several paraphernalia like plastic utensils, jackets and some form of creation which reduces unemployment, create green jobs and make lives sustainable.
Experts from the Environment sector under the Swedish Embassy are working on projects in Zimbabwe which focus waste management. The Government of Sweden is supporting the idea of plastic waste collection and recycling to avoid loss of the resource through loss means yet it’s supposed to make some valuable products to sustain people Governments of many developing countries are still struggling to come up with means on how to build sustainable communities through creation of green economies which demands removal of waste, recycling it and manufacturing from what is recycled. The other way round it is a matter of creating a hygienic world for ourselves.
All the above mentioned comes with policies which we need to push for. There is currently lack of strong civil society to push on this issue, and why sometimes, it is the fact that Governments of many countries are failing on policy framework, modalities and strategies for implementation. An Expert in the Recycling Field laments on the role of the Government to put in place robust ideas and aggressive policies on eliminating pollution in many countries.
THE ZIMBABWE MINIMATA PROJECT..
Currently, Zimbabwe which is signatory to Minimata Convention is working out on solutions to eliminate the use of Mercury in Gold mining areas where there is massive illegal Gold mining. At a recent symposium in the City, the Minister of Environment, Water and Climate, Oppah Muchinguri Kashiri said since Mercury is dangerous to human lives the Government is on a project on mercury elimination since it poses problems related to bad health.
Mercury affect fetal neurological development and is linked to low fertility, brain and nerve damage and heart diseases in adults who have high levels of mercury in their blood. The project is taking advantage of the United Nations Environment Program [UNEP] tool –kit. It i s taking action by raising awareness.
Gold mining areas like in Chakari, Kadoma, training and teaching Gold mining communities on mercury handling, use and maintenance.
The project is important because focus is on its possible elimination because almost 70% of people especially children and women in mining areas have been affected. Mercury chronic intoxication has mainly affected children in many Gold mining areas where researches were done and found that many deaths and illnesses had occurred. It was also ascertained that 1,5 million small scale miners were using mercury at the expense of mainly pregnant women and children.
Mercury in the town of Minimata, Japan after its spill, it killed thousands of people and some became seriously ill, some becoming disabled, pregnant women succumbing to fetal neurological development and death of either them or their own baby. Later a convention was convoked a meeting for that matter. However, Zimbabwe ‘s Environmental Management Act [CHAPTER 20-27] Section 70 prohibits discharge of waste. It further states that, no person shall discharge or dispose waste whether generated within or outside Zimbabwe in such a manner as to cause pollution to Environment or ill-health to any person.